What is testicular cancer?

Testicular cancer is a non-contagious cancer that occurs in the testicles – the two oval glands situated in the scrotum, which is the sac of skin beneath the penis. These are the male sexual organs that produce the sex hormone testosterone, and sperm for reproduction, and form part of the male reproductive system.

Although testicular cancer is rare and affects mostly teenagers and men younger than 35, it can occur in older men.

While the exact cause of testicular cancer is unknown, advances in treatment are enabling more men to beat this type of cancer.

What are the symptoms, and
when should you see a doctor?

The most common symptoms are a lump which may be painless, swelling, or pain in the scrotum.

Consult a urologist if you experience any of the following:
  • You have an uncomfortable feeling in a testicle

  • There is a lump in your scrotum

  • One or both of your testicles are swollen without developing a lump

  • There is significant shrinking of a testicle

  • You feel a dull ache or heaviness in your scrotum or lower belly

  • One testicle hangs lower that the other