Difference between open and minimally invasive surgery

All surgeries have risks, but these are generally much less in minimally invasive surgeries.

  • In open surgery, the surgeon makes a large incision to open the body and see the surgical area to perform the procedure.
  • In minimally invasive surgery, also called laparoscopic or keyhole surgery, only small incisions are made through which the procedure is performed while the surgeon views the area where the surgery is performed on a big screen.

Benefits of minimally invasive surgery for patients

Benefits generally associated with keyhole surgery include the following:

  • Smaller incisions and less scarring

  • Less blood loss during surgery

  • Fewer possible complications, including less risk of surgical site infection

  • Less pain after the procedure